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Data communication


Inventions from the ORAL ERA Era

Oral Language spoken words 250,000 BCE Africa
Flute music as data 36,000 BCE Germany

Inventions from the WRITTEN ERA Era

Seal emblem for marking documents 3500 BCE Sumer, Mesopotamia
Stringed musical instruments music 3000 BCE Egypt
Checkers board game 3000 BCE Mesopotamia
Lyre, harp music instruments 2600 BCE Mesopotamia
Standard weights and measures for commerce 2500 BCE Indus River
Puppetry theatre 2500 BCE Indus River
Ruler, protractor measuring 2400 BCE Indus River
Balance scale measuring 2000 BCE Indus River
Sundial timekeeping 1500 BCE Babylonia
Trumpet music, signaling 1500 BCE King Tut, Egypt
Playing cards game 1000 BCE China
Kite signaling 1000 BCE China
Bagpipe music instrument 1000 BCE Scotland/Rome

Inventions from the ALPHABET ERA Era

Grammar word usage rules 700 BCE India
Coin money 600 BCE Phoenicia, Lebanon (54)
Pipe organ water pipe 250 BCE Ctesibius Rome
News Acta Diurna 59 BCE Julius Caesar Rome. (61)
Calendar Julian later Gregorian calendar 45 BCE Julius Caesar, Pope Gregory XIII Rome (98)
Postal system horse or cart methods 50 AD Caesar Augustus Rome (40)
Chess board strategy game 400 AD India

Inventions from the NUMBERS ERA Era

Paper currency money 800 AD China
University early form 859 AD Fez, Morocco
University, Europe degree granting 1088 AD Bologna, Italy

Inventions from the PRINT ERA Era

Trombone brass instrument 1450 AD Italy
Guitar stringed instrument 1450 AD Spain
Bass and cello stringed instruments 1530 AD Gaudenzio Fenali Serpano, Italy
Violin stringed instrument 1542 AD Andrea Amati Cremona, Italy
Print newspaper new on paper 1605 AD Johann Carolus Strasbourg, Germany
Clarinet reed instrument 1690 AD Johann Christoph Denner Nuremberg, Germany
Piano percussion instrument 1709 AD Bartalomeo Christofori di Francesco Italy

Inventions from the WIRED ERA Era

Morse code instant distant communication 1837 Samuel Morse USA (56)
Telegraph practical 1837 Samuel Morse USA (56)
Fax machine 1843 Alexander Bain UK
Printing telegraph recorded dots/dashes 1846 Royal Earl House, Jacob Brett UK
Mail order catalog shop from home 1872 Montgomery Ward USA
Telephone auditory instant communication 1876 Alexander Graham Bell USA (15)
Microphone amplified/recorded/transmitted speech 1878 David E. Hughes, Emile Berliner UK/USA/ Germany
Radio wireless communication 1895 Guglielmo Marconi Italy (29)
Remote radio control wireless control 1898 Nikola Tesla USA
RADAR radio detection and ranging 1904 Christian Haismeyer Germany
SONAR sound navigation and ranging 1906 Lewis Nixon USA
Rotary dial telephone self entered phone number 1919 Almon Brown Strowger USA
Amplitude modulation radio AM standard receiver 1919 Edwin Howard Armstrong USA

Inventions from the WIRELESS ERA Era

Commercial radio KDKA Pittsburgh 1920 Pittsburgh, PA USA (6)
Loudspeaker amplified speech 1924 Chester W. Rice, Edward W. Kellogg USA
Yagi-Uda antenna radio transmission 1926 Hidetsugu Yagi, Shintaro Uda Japan
Car radio radio on the move 1926 William P. Lear USA
Enigma machine code writing machine 1926 Arthur Scherbius Germany
Television first transmission 1927 Philo T. Farmsworth USA (29)
Sound synchronized animation talking cartoons 1928 Walt Disney USA
Color television 1928 John Logie Baird UK
Electric guitar 1931 Adoph Rickenbacker USA
Frequency modulation radio FM radio 1933 Edwin H. Armstrong USA
RADAR functional 1935 Robert Watson-Watt UK
Richter scale earthquake detection and rating 1935 Charles Francis Richter, Beno Gutenberg USA
Bass guitar electric 1935 Paul Tumarc USA
Walkie talkie 2 way radio 1938 Alfred J. Gross USA
Citizens band radio CB radio 1945 Alfred J. Gross USA
Credit card Diner's Club 1946 Frank McNamara, Ralph Schneider USA (54)
Weather radar forecasting 1948 David Atlas USA
Cable television wired TV signal 1948 John Watson USA
Pager radio notification 1949 Alfred J. Gross USA
Semiconductor pocket radio solid state electronics 1952 Norman Krim USA
Voice recognition over telephone 1952 Bell labs USA
Color television broadcasting 1953 RCA labs USA
RADAR speed gun/camera speed measure 1954 Maurits Gatsonides Netherlands
MASER microwave amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation 1955 Charles Hard Townes, Arthur Schawlow USA
Noise canceling headphones aviator 1955 Lawrence Jerome Fogel USA
Television remote control wireless 1955 Eugene Polley USA
Digital clock 1956 D.E .Protzman USA
HiFi high fidelity sound 1958 Dieter Rams, Hans Gugelot Germany
CAD (DAC-1) computer aided design 1959 IBM USA
Space War first video game 1962 Steve "Slug" Russell, MIT USA
Touch tone pad keyed numerical phone dialing 1962 John Elias Karlin USA
Sketch pad (CAD) computer aided design 1963 Ivan Sutherland USA
Moog synthesizer 1964 Robert Moog USA
Flat screen television 1964 Donald Bitzer, Gene Slottow, Robert Wilson USA
Touchscreen replaces/augments keyboard 1965 Eric A Johnson, Samuel C. Hurst UK/USA (85)
PIN personal identification number for ATM 1966 James Goodfellow UK
Virtual reality headset VR 1968 Ivan Sutherland USA
Boombox portable stereo 1968 Phillips Netherlands
Video game console 1968 Ralph H. Baer USA
LASER printer 1969 Gary Starkweather USA
Early cellular phone technology 1970 Amos Joel, Bell labs USA
Pocket calculator 1970 Busicom Co. Japan
Email 1971 Ray Tomlinson USA (68)
Computerized telephone exchange 1971 Erna Schneider Hoover, Bell labs USA
3-D computer animation 1972 Edmund Catmull USA
Pong video game 1972 Al Alcorn, Nolan Bushnell USA
CGI, computer generated imagery 1973 Edwin Catmul, Fred Parke USA
Practical cell phone mobile, wireless telephone 1973 Donald Cox, W. Rae Young, Eric Tigerstedt USA (23)
Thermal inkjet printer 1977 Ichiro Endo, Canon Japan
Sony Walkman portable music 1979 Nobutoshi Kihara, Akio Morita Japan
Cordless phone home use without wires 1980 George Sweigert, Teri Pall USA
Online stock trading 1982 Bill Porter USA
Dragon speech recognition words to print 1982 James Baker, Janet Baker USA
Nintendo entertainment system 1983 Nintendo Japan
Caller identification caller ID 1988 Shirley Ann Jackson, Kazuo Hashimoto USA/Japan

Inventions from the INTERNET ERA Era

Practical virtual reality VR 1989 Jaron Lanier USA
Nintendo Gameboy handheld gaming system 1989 Nintendo Japan
Wind up radio free of external electricity 1991 Trevor Baylis UK
Web cam video on/from a personal computer 1991 Quentin Stafford-Fraser, Paul Jardetzky UK
Digital cell phone, digital special mobile DSM replaces analog phone 1991 international standard international
Smart phone allows applications and internet, IBM Simon 1992 Martin Cooper, Motorola USA
Playstation video gaming system 1994 SONY Japan
Amazon on line shopping internet shopping remotely 1994 Jeff Bezos USA (80)
Smart phone applications increases smart phone versatility 1994 Hal Abelson USA
On line radio, streaming 1995 Christopher Jaeb, Todd Wagner, Mark Cuban USA
E bay personal on line selling 1995 Pieree Morad Omidyar USA
Video baby monitor sight and sound wireless 1997 Cynthia Altenhofen USA
High definition television HDTV 1998 international international
Bluetooth wireless control 1999 Jaap Haartsen Sweden
Noise canceling headphones, Bose home use for music 2000 Amar Bose USA
Satellite radio same radio anywhere, no commercials 2001 Martine Rothblatt, David Margolese, Robert Briskman USA
X-box gaming system Microsoft 2001 Bill Gates et al. USA
Skype video phone 2003 Ahti Heinla, Priit Kasesalu, Jaan Tallinn Estonia
X-box live competitive gaming on the internet 2003 Bill Gates et al. USA
Podcast video education on the internet 2003 Christopher Lyden, Dave Winer USA
World of Warcraft, MMORG massive multiplayer online role playing game 2004 Blizzard Entertainment USA
Facebook internet social network 2004 Mark Zuckerberg USA (73)
Twitter mini blogging platform 2006 USA USA
Hulu video streaming on demand 2007 USA USA
Iphone redefined smartphone 2007 Steve Jobs et al. USA
Square payment system personal, portable credit card billing 2009 Jack Dorsey USA
Bitcoin cryptocurrency 2009 Satoshi Nakamoto? 2009
Siri audio assistant 2010 Adam Cheyer, Dag Kittlaus, Tom Gruber USA
3 dimensional television 3D TV 2010 Japan Japan
Apple Pay phone to pay credit 2014 Greg Kerr USA
Amazon Firestick smart TV streaming 2014 Hon Hai, Precision Industry USA
Apple Watch smart watch with internet 2015 Jony Ive, Marc Newson USA
Skype translator, real time translation over 50 languages with video 2015 Skype USA
Amazon Echo, Alexa audio assistent smart home 2015 Rohit Prasad, Tony Reid USA
Oculus rift, VR virtual reality 2016 Palmer Lucky USA
OshenWatch pulse, blood pressure, oxygen saturation watch, bioparameters 2020 California USA

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